Memristive materials and devices, which enable information storage and processing on one and the same physical platform, offer an alternative to conventional von Neumann computation architectures.
A very interesting article. The ability of this type of computing engine lies in its simultaneous ability to store and process information, similar to neurons and unlike the conventional Von Neumann architecture. Also, the scalability of such architecture is more attuned to low-energy systems like brain. Perhaps this is a good step forward toward a biologically-inspired computing architecture.
If you are behind a paywall, check the arXiv paper on memecomputing:
See on www.nature.com